How many languages are spoken in Turkey?


What is Official Language Of Turkey

Under the Constitution of Turkey’s country: Article number 42, the established official language of Turkey is the Turkish language. And this is the most widely spoken in the all regions of country. There are more than thirty ethnic languages exist in the country of Turkey, but there are only a very few numbers of people speak a few of the ethnic languages in the country but still they are spoken by their first speakers. Turkish language is the dominant language in all areas of Turkey, that’s why other languages are considered as the minority languages of country.

Depending on their origin languages within the country of Turkey can be divided into various groups, Nature of the language and the number of speakers. The common divisions are the immigrant, ethnic languages, foreign, and sign language. During the various phases of Turkish history these division of languages are under the influence of the ancient and modern interactions between the foreigners and local Turks.

Ethnic Languages Of Turkey

With different ethnic languages spoken in the country Turkey is an ethnically diverse country. The common ethnic languages that are spoken in the country of Turkey are Turkish, Arabic, Kurmanji,  and Zazaki. Other ethnic languages that are spoken in Turkey have very few number of speakers including the Turkish dialects, Laz, Balkan, Armenian and the Circassian languages. With more than 70% of Users or speakers the Turkish language is the most widely spoken ethnic language in the country that’s why Turkish is considered as an official language and also written in Turkish constitution Its an official language of Turkey’s country. The use of Turkish language as the educational language and the official language has contributed to its wide growth. But with this growth there are some drawbacks the widespread use of Turkish has negatively affected other ethnic languages in the country by reducing their active use in daily interactions and their number of speakers are getting lower day by day so its very important for the Turkeys country for preservation of their culture and ancient Ethnic language they must need to take some good steps on time and like Mexico country they should promote other languages (Note: keep in mind that Mexico is the only state in the world in which there are approximately more than 68 languages are spoken but they declared them all as their official language, and this step is just taken by them to protect their old languages that had been spoken by users in their history). After Turkish language Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish) language is the most 2nd widely spoken ethnic minority language in the country. This language consists of the 5 major dialects: Serhed, northwestern Anatolian, southern, and southwestern Kurmanji. Turkeys Arabic community uses Arabic language as their mother tongue especially the Mesopotamian Arabic dialect.  Arabic is the 3rd most spoken language in the country and in the Turkish curriculum it has also been introduced as an elective mother tongue language. Zazaki language is Spoken by the Zaza ethnic community and this is 4thmost minority language in the country by Zaza ethnic community, which has a close connection with Kurdish. And this language has more than 1 million speakers in the country of Turkey. Zazaki language has 3 major dialects that are influenced by the traditional homelands of the Zaza in the Northern Iran and the Caspian Sea.

What Immigrant Languages Spoken In Turkey

Modern settlement patterns and immigration in the country of Turkey have led to the introduction of the ethnic languages that are spoken by the immigrants. In Turkey the most spoken immigrant languages include Crimean, Kabardian, Georgian, Bosnian, Adyghe, Albanian, and Tatar.

What Foreign Languages Spoken In Turkey

In the country of Turkey the interactions with foreigners and with the western world have led to the development of foreign languages. World is like globe that’s why the modern interactions and Changing times and also necessitate the growth of these languages. English, French, and German, are the most commonly foreign languages used in the country of Turkey. Like other country of the world in Turkey’s country among the foreign languages the English language has a wider coverage that’s why it’s the first mostly foreign languages spoken in the country (Note: English is mostly worldwide spoken language approximately its spoken in all countries of the world that’s why English is considered as the world Official language, wherever you go in the world all your visa documents are almost written in the English language). In Turkish schools the languages are taught as the elective courses along with other foreign languages like Italian language. In spite of the use of foreign languages in education system, the competency of Turks to communicate in the foreign languages is low.

Sign Languages Of Turkey

In Turkey With more than 50,000 Turkish citizens with hearing weakness, for their convenience sign languages have developed in the country. Turkey has 2 major sign languages, The Turkish sign language, and the Mardin sign language. Mardin language is an ancient sign language that is originated in the town of Mardin. As this is the old language that’s why only the older people mostly in the villages of Turkey use the language for communications. Turkish sign language is the most adopted language by the deaf people in the country. Turkish sign language is probably developed from the Ottoman sign language. This language is mostly taught to the deaf citizens in the Deaf and Dum schools of the country that help them in communications.

Impact Of Language In Turkey

The use of various kind of languages in the country has had its effects on Turkey. For example, the most use of Turkish language has led to the reduced the use of local (indigenous) ethnic languages. And this decrease in usage frightens the continuity of languages as very few people (especially the older generation) communicate in the language. The introduction of the foreign language in the curriculum of any country puts the country in a good position when relating with the foreign nations and organizations.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *